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woensdag 2 juli 2008

Telesforo Julve ( 1884 - 1945 )

These Valencia based factory churned out a lot of guitars
and the sentiment is there when I'm confessing these guitars
were instruments to have when I was young. So at last,
this was built at the end of the fifties, a little more deluxe model. 
The 3 piece soundboard has the well known 3 brace strutting 
used so often by Valencia based guitarreros. See for instance
the Salvador Ibanez guitar here above. Scale: 65,5 cm
Salvador Ibanez in fact sold his factory to Telesforo Julve.
And Julve provided Juan Estruch with parts and even
whole guitars around 1925. See the Estruch part in
this Blog and the typical "Julve" moves there.

As can be seen on this picture they stained this guitar
in order to have a rosewood like look but the strange
thing is: The sides are made of rosewood and maybe
even Brasilian rosewood though the back seems to be
made out of a dull piece of walnut. The spruce top is
not of top quality but European spruce anyway.
So, contrary of what is explained in the catalogues
of that time, they sometimes used woods that were
obtainable at that time.

Along with the colouring of the soundbox the
factory decided to treat the fingerboard as well:
They stained it in a finally black colour in order
to simulate ebony. The wood used for this finger-
board however is very dense and hard. They
didn't had to be ashamed for using it!
Alas, (and allways) the copper fretwork!

This label states the factory was located at the
Convento S. Francisco, 4 and the addition of a 5 digit
telephone number makes it clear it has to be from before
1957. Just check the website Ton Bogaard made  about
this maker. The number in the head confirms this year.

What really surprised me was the carving of the
vertical line in the middle. Normally this would
have been inlay work. The so called pointed
headform and not really symmetrical.
Bronze winder shafts as was common until
about 1960. After that year the use of plastic
shafts was introduced.

Simple, but good working tuners most likely made
at their own factory. Even the more elaborate and
ornamented guitars carry these fairly simple tuners.
The Valencian made guitars are mostly not that
securely built but one way or another I dig the
"honest" and direct sound they provide and besides
that this guitar colors beautiful when striked
at different spots on the strings.

What makes the Telesforo Julve guitars allmost 
immediately recognizable are the two mother of 
pearl stripes. They later replaced these stripes with 
plastic ones. The roughly shaped bridge can be
studied by clicking on this picture.  File traces are
on the bridge as well as the fingerboard. The bone
saddle has been replaced with an ivory one.
I already noticed a three piece soundboard on
more TJ guitars. One narrow centerpiece of about
10 cm and two bigger ones on the outer sides.

The heelform changed over time and is another item
to date these guitars. Presented here is the half round 
heelform used between 1935 - 1960.  The neckwood 
hasn't been mated with a spruce heel which often is 
the case. In fact a cheaper Valencian solution. The 
inner heel block of this guitar definately is mahogany. 
The sides have been lacquered a bit sloppy, after the 
linings had been placed but that is restorable as can
be seen in the next picture. Cedar neck.

I made a small device in order to scrap away the excessive
stain. The bindings are much cleaner now. Being an instrument
that produces a beautiful tone I've decided to give it better
fretwork as well. Though produced in large quantities the
guitars from this factory are becoming more and more
collectable, the higher end models being more scarce.

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